A CHANCE-CONSTRAINED MODEL FOR REAL-TIME CONTROL IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT
Systems research memo.
NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL TECHNOLOGICAL INST
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Funding of research projects is considered as encompassing three stages 1 an initial short run plan for funding based upon projected regular demands and availability subject to random deviations 2 adjustment of the initial plan to take into account the actual regular demands and availability and the funding of significant break-throughs which occur at random intervals preempting other demands and 3 a plan for longer-run availability and demands which constitute a posture desired subsequent to the funding adjustments of 2. The essence of the distribution of the unexpected demands is multimodality with low probability of occurrence but high resource demand when they do occur. This approach represents a substantial departure from the usual planning model development which produces only an optimal plan based on forecasted developments without provision for adjustment when the forecasted events actually materialize and additional unexpected demands are placed on resources. The adjustment process explored here--which provides the mechanism for optimal implementation of the original plan or control of resource allocation--enables optimal response to information received in real-time avoiding the frequently observed over- or under- response to receipt of such information without reference to the impact of the interim decision on future capabilities.
- Behavioral and Social Sciences