DILEMMAS IN THE POLITICO-MILITARY CONDUCT OF ESCALATING CRISES,
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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The paper focuses on the dilemmas the political decision maker faces in conveying his intended conduct of national crises, particularly coping with rapidly escalating actions in limited warfare, and on the problems the military agencies have in adapting to the intended conduct. The hand-played game involved 16 participants who were concerned with a RED team representing interests of adversaries to the U.S., a BLUE team representing U.S. and its possible allies, and a CONTROL team acting as game manager and as the world environment exterior to the crisis principals. The BLUE team was structured into 4 sections a supreme political authority, BLUE POLITICAL a military command level equivalent to the National Military Command Center, and 2 military headquarters equivalent to those of SAC and NORAD. During the gaming, political decisions did not produce consistent military actions nor were military sections able to adapt promptly to political constraints. Political leaders were often deficient in adapting policies to command-control constraints that emerged during interactions with the subordinate military sections. These failures are regarded as arising from differences in responsibilities in perceptions, and in operational styles among the different agencies.