NONLINEAR EFFECTS IN TRAVELING WAVE LASER AMPLIFIERS.
CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA QUANTUM ELECTRONICS LAB
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Using semiclassical radiation theory, a formalism similar to that used by Lamb in his Theory of an Optical Maser is developed for studying the amplification of vector traveling waves in a laser-type medium. The effect of the medium on the waves is given in terms of space or time dependent field amplitudes and phases and a nonlinear index of refraction. With particular emphasis on typical gaseous media, the effects of Doppler broadening are treated in detail for arbitrary ratios of natural to Doppler linewidths. Polarization and propagation vectors in various directions are considered, and the nonlinear effects are found to make an isotropic medium effectively anisotropic. Lowest order nonlinear effects due to a polarization cubic in the field amplitudes are studied extensively, and the frequency dependence of several of these processes is presented in graphical form. In particular, the introduction of fields at new frequencies and polarization effects are considered. The characteristics of these nonlinear processes peculiar to Doppler broadened lines are discussed, and the processes are interpreted in terms of saturation and coherent modulation of the population inversion density.