EXPLORATIONS IN COMPUTER-ASSISTED COUNSELING.
SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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Explicit models of a school counselors cognitive behavior in the appraisal of student information and of his overt verbal responses in the educational planning interview were made with computer programs and computercontrolled equipment. The computer system was based on recordings of the counselors verbalizations in two situations--as he thought aloud while analyzing the student cumulative records prior to interviews, and as he conversed with the student during the interview. The sample consisted of 20 ninth-grade students. A program on the Philco 2000 computer, representing the preinterview appraisal, accepts inputs such as school grades, test scores, and biographical data analyzes the data according to the inferred model of the counselors decision-making rules and prints out statements such as Students grades have gone down quite a bit. Ask about this in interview. Possibly there are personal problems, or Low counseling priority no problems apparent. The automated interview is conducted by a teletype under control of the Q-32 computer in a time-sharing mode. This automated interview program reviews student progress, collects comments from the student, reacts to student plans, and helps the student plan a schedule of high school courses. To assess the validity of the model, the automated systems were compared to the responses of the original human counselor with a new sample of 20 students from the same population. Author