WORK ACTIVITIES AND ATTITUDES OF SCIENTISTS AND RESEARCH MANAGERS: DATA FROM A NATIONAL SURVEY.
Interim technical rept., phase 3, on R and D Studies Series,
STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CALIF
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This report constitutes a basic data source on the organizational relations, activities, and attitudes of scientists and research managers in a variety of contexts throughout the United States. The data were obtained from a national survey of scientists and research managers in four disciplines--biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics--using random samples of members of professional associations, and are broken down by five major variables professional affiliation, type of employer, geographic region, educational level, and age. This is a descriptive report and largely consists of a tubular presentation of data accompanied by brief textual summaries of outstanding findings. As presented, the data are susceptible to further analysis and interpretation according to specific interests of the reader. Illustrative of the results are the following In contexts where basic research goals are most likely to be emphasized in universities, in many nonprofit research organizations, in some government agencies and departments, and in certain types of industries research activities are most often organized in a unit or department separate from development activities. In contrast, where applied research goals are most emphasized research and development are more often encompassed within the same organizational unit. Author