FURTHER ATTEMPTS AT CODING AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS.
NAVAL SCHOOL OF AVIATION MEDICINE PENSACOLA FLA
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The accuracy of attempts to devise categories for the coding of accidents has been low. This study was confined to one specific accident event, the carrier landing phase of flight training, and the codes were derived from intensive follow-up interviews with accident participants. Thirty-eight pilot-caused accidents were independently coded by three coders using five psychological categories. Four separate coding sessions were held. Preceeding each coding session the codes were thoroughly discussed. The coding procedures developed showed little or no improvement over previous attempts at coding accidents. The major difficulty in accurate coding seems to lie in the fact that an error may stem from any one of a number of psychological sources. Further, neither the mental state nor the specific motor acts of the pilot during the time of the accident were available to the coder. Author