ANTICIPATION AND RECALL METHODS IN PAIRED ASSOCIATE LEARNING: EFFECTS OF RATE OF ITEM PRESENTATION, ITEM TYPE, AND INTRA-AND INTER-ITEM SIMILARITY.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Three experiments comparing recall and anticipation methods in paired associate learning are reported. In the first, word-number pairs were used with three exposure intervals, and learning was superior under recall. In the second, CVC trigram pairs were employed, with three levels of intra-pair S-R similarity. Recall was again superior, over-all, the major difference appearing at moderate similarity. Sex differences appear. In the third experiment, inter-stimulus or inter-response similarity was varied, with CVC trigram pairs. The major effect here was from sex differences. Across all experiments, females tend to perform better on recall than on anticipation, whereas males tend to be inconsistent and to show smaller differences when they occur. Author