FORMATION AND QUENCHING OF POSITRONIUM IN GASES. II. RESULTS OBTAINED WITH THE POSITRON LIFETIME METHOD.
NEW SOUTH WALES UNIV KENSINGTON (AUSTRALIA) DEPT OF NUCLEAR AND RADIATION CHEMISTRY
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The positron lifetime method has been used to study orthopositronium formation and quenching in argon, nitrogen, oxygen and mixtures of these gases. Quenching rates were found to be proportional to pressure for all gases and gas mixtures, except commerical grade argon. Highly quenched orthopositronium lifetimes were observed in pure argon and the formation fraction of positronium was estimated as 0.40 0.04. The quenching rate in oxygen was found to be 2.3 0.3 x 10 to the 7th power lsec. atm. This rate holds for oxygen concentration greater than 2 in oxygen-argon mixtures. A constant quenching rate 250,000 5,000 1sec. atm was obtained for lower oxygen concentrations this rate is not significantly different from the quenching rate 242,000 7,000 1sec. atm obtained for nitrogen-argon mixtures containing less than 10 nitrogen. Author