A NONRECIPROCAL CIRCULAR POLARIZER
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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A nonreciprocal circular polarizer has been developed. This ferrite device converts linear polarization propagating in rectangular waveguide into circular polarization propagating in circular waveguide. The sense, right- or left-hand, of the circular polarization is determined by the direction of a magnetic field applied to the ferrite. If one sense of circular polarization, e.g., right-hand, is transmitted, then only left-hand circular polarization can be received. Performance data indicate good ellipticity with reasonable loss and VSWR for two models of the circular polarizer, and for two devices - a circulator and a nonreciprocal antenna element - based on the polarizer. The antenna element permits one antenna to be used both to transmit and to receive the reflected circularly polarized signals from a target.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment