Accession Number:

AD0617394

Title:

THE LEARNING OF INFLUENCE STRUCTURES.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INST FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH

Report Date:

1965-05-15

Pagination or Media Count:

33.0

Abstract:

Two experiments in which subjects learned hypothetical influence structures were conducted to examine cognitive biases in the representation of influence relationships. In Experiment I it was found that the degree of hierarchization of the structures does not affect learning, and hence is not a source of bias. However, hierarchial positions with greater influence were easier to learn. These position effects could not be attributed to the abstract structural properties of the learning task in another group of subjects who learned structurally identical lists of nonsense syllables, no such effects were obtained. Experiment II confirmed the general relationship between the influence of a position and the ease of learning, except for positions having no influence at all, which were the easiest to learn. In addition, greater hierarchical distances were found to be easier to learn. The findings were interpreted in terms of more fundamental cognitive biases, such as transitivity and irreciprocity. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE