FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF FLIGHT VEHICLE COMBUSTIBLES
Final rept. 2 Jan 1964-2 Jan 1965
BUREAU OF MINES BRUCETON PA EXPLOSIVES RESEARCH CENTER
Pagination or Media Count:
The sensitivity liquid hydrogen solid oxygen diluent and liquid oxygen solid hydrocarbon diluent, was investigated employing a projectile impact to determine the shock required to detonate these mixtures. With no diluent, each explosive system is initiated by a shock stimulus of 1.0 to 2.5 kbar. The explosive yields are such that 1-lb cryogenic mixture is equivalent to 0.6 to 2.0 lb TNT. Sodium chloride, nitrogen, and methyl chloride had inert desensitizing effects upon the liquid hydrogen mixtures but did not reduce the explosive yield. Sodium chloride and nitrogen desensitized the liquid oxygen system sodium chloride or water reduced the explosive yield of this system. Large volumes of detonable, gaseous hydrogen-oxygen mixtures would result from a massive spill of liquid hydrogen-liquid oxygen. Inhibition of detonation initiation by dry powder particle additives was investigated. The powder additives produced insignificant inhibition in comparison to that produced by gaseous diluents. Flammability limit determinations of four additional halogenated hydrocarbons are included in a discussion of the characteristics of 10 such compounds. Most of the compounds were flammable in oxygen atmospheres at temperatures below 200F their combustion products included toxic halogens or halogen halides.
- Organic Chemistry