Accession Number:

AD0614449

Title:

GROUP SUCCESS AND THE REDUCTION OF STATUS INCONGRUENCE IN TASK-ORIENTED GROUPS,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR RESEARCH CENTER FOR GROUP DYNAMICS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1965-04-15

Pagination or Media Count:

25.0

Abstract:

Considered in this paper are tendencies toward hierarchical restructuring which arise from status incongruence in task-oriented groups with different histories of success. Each group consists of four members who differ in a their apparent task ability, i.e., performance status, and b their influence over the overall group product, i.e., control status. In particular, over a large number of task trials changes in control status are observed under various conditions of status incongruence, in groups with histories of relatively high and low success. Each group begins with a perfect congruence between performance status and control status. Experimental manipulations are subsequently performed which induce discrepancies between these two sources of status. In half of the groups performance status of the member with the highest control status is reduced, and in the other half performance status of the member with the lowest control status is increased. Both of these experimental inductions necessarily result in a systematic deterioration of the total group output. Observations are made over a large number of trials to determine how rapidly groups of individuals respond and adapt to status incongruence of the above two forms, and how these responses are influenced by the past task successes and failures of the group. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE