DEVELOPMENT OF NONFLAMMABLE HYDRAULIC FLUID
Bimonthly progress rept. no. 5, 1 Dec 1964-1 Feb 1965
AMERICAN OIL CO WHITING IN
Pagination or Media Count:
The object of the study is the development of a waterbase hydraulic fluid which 1 yields a fire-resistant non-aqueous residue, 2 is compatible with materials of construction and sea-water contamination, 3 satisfactorily lubricates shipboard pumps, 4 presents no unusual storage or handling problems, and 5 exhibits no toxicological hazards under conditions of use. Lowdensity polyethylene can be chlorophosphonated by reaction with phosphorus trichloride and oxygen. Hydrolysis and neutralization produces products which show considerable promise as thickeners. Fluids prepared from products from 21, 000-molecular-weight polyethylene have been found to exhibit undesirable viscosity instability and high wear in Vickers Vane pumps. Viscosity instability is much less pronounced when 12,000-molecular-weight polymer is used to prepare the thickeners and 18 of potassium ethane phosphonate, added as a pour depressor, is present. High pump wear, however, is still a problem. Work on the development of an antiwear additive has begun. Flammability characteristics and compatibility with materials of construction and 10 sea water do not appear to be problems with these fluids.
- Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids