THE ELECTRONIC INTERLOCUTOR - AND THE MACHINE SAID IN RESPONSE,
FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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This article is an assembly of remarks on the aspects of speech and its recognition and the brain processes concerned with such phenomena. ELECTRONIC INTERLOCUTOR Laboratories of experimental phonetics in the USSR in Moscow, Leningrad, and Tbilisi are described. The laboratories study not only the recognition of speech but also its production by artificial means. SIGNALS OF SIGNALS The neural and mental aspects of speech are reportedly under study by the aphasiolegist Esfir Solomonovna Beyn of the USSR Institute of Neurology. WHEN WORDS DO NOT COME FROM THE TONGUE A session between Dr. Beyn and patients of the Institute of Neurology is related that illustrates the complex and coordinated mosaic making up the sections of the brain having to do with articulation of intelligent speech. HOW DOES THE SPEECH CENTER FUNCTION. A second signal system within the human brain is postulated. BEST COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM Characteristics of the human processing of information by the coworkers of Prof. A. N. Leontyev and the psychologists at Moscow Univ. are described. HOW MUCH INFORMATION DO WE INCLUDE. The assistance of cybernetics in the investigation of communication systems is stressed as are the complications afforded by the recently discovered laws of human perception of speech and transformation of information, especially in attempting to evolve speech by machine.