GANEFO I: SPORTS AND POLITICS IN DJAKARTA,
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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GANEFO proved to be an ingenious move at this stage of Indonesias international politics. It cost Indonesia very little. The political dividends were high for Indonesia. To the underdeveloped and socialist countries Indonesia demonstrated leadership by successfully defying the old and well-established Western tradition of the Olympics. She indirectly snubbed the United States and proved herself capable of putting on a surprisingly well-organized international competition. As an instrument of political warfare, the Games were a success.