DYNAMICS OF GAS-PARTICLE MIXTURES WITH FINITE PARTICLE VOLUME.
VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE
Pagination or Media Count:
In the analysis of two-phase flows in which a gas carries along a large number of small particles, the volume of the particles is customarily assumed to be negligible. This assumption often is well justified, but if either the mass fraction of the particles or the gas density is sufficiently high, the particle volume fraction may become significant. It is thus important to establish the conditions at which this parameter should be included in a flow analysis. The particles may be considered as incompressible by comparison with the gas so that a finite particle volume fraction appears as an additional variable in the basic equations. Consequences of a finite particle volume are examined for isentropic changes of the mixture, for frozen and equilibrium speed of sound, and for both the frozen flow immediately behind a shock wave and the equilibrium flow that is established further downstream. The errors which would result from neglecting the particle volume range from insignificant to large. For example, even for gasparticle density ratios as low as 0.001, the equilibrium flow velocity behind a shock front is quite sensitive to changes of the volume of the particles if they represent more than one-half of the mass of the mixture. Author