PRACTICAL INTERPRETATION OF METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE DATA
ARACON GEOPHYSICS CO CONCORD MA CONCORD United States
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This report attempts to consolidate within a single document information pertinent to the operational interpretation, as regards weather analysis and forecasting, of meteorological satellite data. Accordingly, it extracts, integrates, and summarizes material available in the literature and in technical reports up through early 1964. The report is written specifically for the use of Air Weather Service field forecasters. Topics considered include the coverage, scale, and resolution of the satellite data, operationally available data formats, coordination with other meteorological data, cloud type interpretation, key features observed in the pictures, extratropical vortex interpretations, other synoptic and mesoscale features, interpretations of tropical data, and contributions of the satellite data to weather forecasting. Procedures for the integration of satellite and conventional data and analyses, and for the use of satellite data to provide improved synoptic analyses, are developed and presented. Guidance as regards the operational interpretation, application, and value of infrared data for atmospheric windows is provided, looking toward the time when such data are made available to the field forecaster.