Accession Number:

AD0608598

Title:

INFLUENCE OF FIRST TASK PRACTICE AND INTERTASK SIMILARITY ON TRANSFER OF TRAINING IN A SYMBOL SUBSTITUTION TASK

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB

Report Date:

1964-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

24.0

Abstract:

This experiment investigated the effects of degree of learning of a first task and degree of similarity between two tasks on the transfer of training from the first to the second task. The basic relationship between the two tasks was such that learning the first might well interfere with learning the second. Twelve groups of 15 college students learned a symbol substitution task to one of four levels of mastery. They were then transferred to a task where the symbols in task I were rearranged to permit three degrees of intertask similarity. Extensive and persistent negative transfer was obtained. During the initial stages of learning task II, negative transfer seemed to decrease as the degree of learning of task I increased. However, during the later stages of task II, negative transfer seemed to increase with an increase in the degree of learning of the first task, especially with the higher degrees of learning of task I. The intertask similarity variable appeared to be significant only during the early stages of learning the second task. These findings differ from previous findings in the extent and persistence of negative transfer and in the tendency for it to increase with higher degrees of first task mastery. The present findings question the generality of existing transfer principles derived from slowly paced tasks involving relatively few discrete stimuli and responses. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE