Accession Number:

AD0608489

Title:

GROUP PROCESS UNDER DIFFERENT CONDITIONS OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE.

Descriptive Note:

Annual rept. no. 4,

Corporate Author:

HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL BOSTON MASS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1964-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

8.0

Abstract:

Papers prepared and published on data collected during the previous year are summarized. An attempt is also made to integrate the results of a number of studies showing the influence of different social and task settings in autonomic response measures. Several new dimensions of comparison appear to be significant the ability to control or influence the environment, the capacity for initiating activity, and the degree to which the social setting is restricted or free. The data also suggest that the extreme effects of success and failure for the individual in isolation are mitigated in a group setting. Success and failure, moreover, do not have uniform effects in 3-person groups but depend on whether group communication is relatively free or restricted. A second major finding shows that even under restricted conditions of minimal communication and controlled behavioral activity, social roles have different consequences for autonomic response depending on success and failure and on role pairing. Several special problems growing out of the research were investigated 1 automatic data processing in psychophysiology, 2 characteristics of physiological measures, 3 interrelationship of overt behavior and autonomic response.

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE