RESEARCH DIRECTED TOWARD THE USE OF LONG AND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD SEISMIC WAVES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SEISMIC SOURCES
Final rept. for Aug 1960-Jul 1964
LAMONT GEOLOGICAL OBSERVATORY PALISADES NY
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Of particular interest to the needs of Project VELAUNIFORM are the following a study of the radiation patterns of surface waves from underground nuclear explosions and small magnitude earthquakes, wherein it was determined that the radiation patterns from explosions in tuff and alluvium, but not in granite, could be interpreted as arising from an explosive force acting as a step function in time a study of the relative excitation of surface waves by earthquakes and underground explosions, which yielded the result that most but not all of the earthquakes studied generated surface waves 5 to 10 times greater than the maximum observed for explosions of the same Richter magnitude an almost complete summary of Rayleigh wave phase and group velocities for various regions of the world a program of epicenter relocation carried out so far for the South Pacific Ocean, the Arctic north of 60 degrees N, the Gulf of Aden, Red Sea, and Arabian Sea, the African Rift Zone, and the Central Indian Ocean, which showed that in these places at least large earthquakes are confined to much smaller regions than previously thought successful utilization of displacement transducers with long period seismometers.
- Nuclear Explosions and Devices (Non-Military)