PROPAGATION OF ACOUSTIC-GRAVITY WAVES IN A TEMPERATURE-AND WIND-STRATIFIED ATMOSPHERE
Scientific rept. no. 2
AVCO CORP WILMINGTON MA RESEARCH AND ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT DIV
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A theory is presented which permits the study of the effects of horizontal winds on the dispersion and amplitudes of acoustic-gravity waves in the atmosphere. It is shown that the effective horizontal group velocity for a given frequency in a given normal mode depends on direction of propagation as well as on frequency and that it is not necessarily in the same direction as the horizontal wave number vector. A number of useful integral theorems are derived from a variational principle and one is subsequently applied to the development of a perturbation method for the computation of wind effects on dispersion. Application of the method to a realistic example indicates that winds can appreciably alter the dispersion of the normal modes and that they should be considered in any quantitative interpretation of experimental microbarograms.
- Atmospheric Physics