THE CONTROLLED THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF CELLULOSE NITRATE. VII. CARBONYL COMPOUNDS.
OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS
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An investigation of the carbonyl compounds formed from the ignition of cellulose nitrate was made. Isolated as the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivatives were acetone, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, methylglyoxal, glyoxal, mesoxaldehyde and hydroxypyruvaldehyde. A gas chromatographic study of the cellulose nitrate cast from ethyl acetate ignition products demonstrated the presence therein of acetaldehyde, acetone, acrolein, ethyl acetate, hydrogen cyanide and a now, unidentified substance which is not a carbonyl compound. Ethanol is not a product of ignition of cellulose nitrate. The origin of the compoundss isolated is discussed. Author