A SUGGESTED GUIDE TO POSITION STRUCTURE,
AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA
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A position is defined as the total set of tasks which might reasonably be perfomed, on the average, by a single individual during a period of maximum effort such as may occur in simulated or actual combat missions. Position structure is the assigning of all tasks and groups of tasks within an organizational unit to individual positions on the basis of a requirements of the organizational unit to accomplish a goal, and b the psychological factors going into individual training and performance. The product of this structuring is a position organization table which will provide the data the Air Force may use in establishing official tables of organizations and manning tables. The development of position structures must reconcile solutions to two divergent problems. One of these problems is finding the most efficient and least vulnerable pattern of manpower capability from the standpoint of unit operation. This is an operational problem. The second problem is the related question of the best allocation of duties and tasks to an individual in terms of selection and training economy. This is the psychological problem. A sound table of organization and manning table will be an optimum solution to both the operational and psychological problems.