GROUP EFFECTIVENESS AS A FUNCTION OF GROUP MEMBER COMPATIBILITY AND COOPERATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE TASK.
Technical rept. no. 4,
FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE
Pagination or Media Count:
This research examined the hypothesis that compatibility of group members influences group effectiveness on tasks that are high on the Cooperation requirements dimension, but has little influence on group effectiveness for tasks that are low on this dimension. Thirty groups of five persons each were assembled randomly and required to attempt two tasks, one high and one low on the Cooperation requirements dimension. Compatibility scores were computed for each group, based upon the responses of members to the FIRO-B scales. Schutzs formulas were used for this computation. Correlation coefficients were computed between compatibility scores K, rK, oK, and xK and measures of group behavior time scores and questionnaire ratings. The results failed to support the hypothesis, although differences were in the expected direction. Ratings of effort expended trying to get the group to accept ones own position correlated significantly with K and with oK, suggesting that members try harder to get their views accepted in compatible than in incompatible groups. It was suggested that the relationship between compatibility and group effectiveness can be established only by selecting group members so that the total range of compatibility is represented by the sample of groups investigated. Author