Accession Number:

AD0604649

Title:

A 'TRANSITION MODEL' LABORATORY FOR RESEARCH ON CULTURAL CHANGE,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1955-12-08

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

It may be possible to close the gap between field experiments on cultural change and traditional psychological laboratory investigations with laboratory studies of transition-model organizations analogous to the wind-tunnel studies of aircraft designers. Four such studies were conducted with an Air Defense Direction Center, using techniques that speeded up cultural change. Three periods of organizational growth--and several methods of cultural change--were observed in these model organizations. The first, or basal period, characterized by the use of individual, habitual ways of doing things, was followed by a consolidation period characterized by the use of procedures borrowed from other groups and situations, by individual efforts and inventions, and by blaming difficulties on faulty equipment. The last, or organization, period was characterized by organizational inventions--programs for coordinating individual behavior that lead, when successful, to new or modified institutions. Both the simulation techniques developed during transition-model laboratory studies and the indexes and other standards of measurement derived from them can be transferred directly for use in field studies. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE