Accession Number:

AD0604577

Title:

CHANGES IN THE LOCATION OF FOOD AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE STORE EMPLOYMENT WITHIN METROPOLITAN AREAS, 1948-1958,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1962-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

26.0

Abstract:

The paper presents an econometric model explaining changes in food and department store employment during the two post-war periods, 1948-1954 and 1954-1958. On the whole, the empirical results presented conform to the a priori model of retail employment location derived earlier. Seven of eight regression equations successfully explain a considerable proportion of the total variation in the dependent variable. Perhaps the most significant finding of the study is the importance of the weighted change in labor-sales ratio variable for the central city equations. This illustrates the importance of technological change, innovation, and other shifts in the production function in determining levels of employment. However, the ring equations show that changes in productivity are not independent of changes in employment and new investment. In rapidly growing areas, changes in employment and new investment appear to influence productivity more than autonomous changes in the latter influence the former. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE