THE IGNITION AND COMBUSTION PROPERTIES OF ACTIVATED CARBON CONTAINING ADSORBED HYDROCARBONS
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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Activated carbon contained in large filter beds is used in nuclear submarines for removal of odors and trace contaminants. Because organic vapors are concentrated in this way in the carbon, a study was made to get information for assessing the fire hazards involved in maintaining the carbon filter in the ventilation system of the submarines. In this study, spontaneous ignition of submarine-exposed carbons occurred at temperatures as low as 490F in air at one atmosphere. Exothermic oxidative reactions occurred in a flow system at temperatures as low as 390F. Combustion of carbons containing hydrocarbon produced considerable quantities of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, and significant amounts of these gases were evolved even under precombustion conditions. Of a number of carbons which had been used in submarines, the lowest flash point found was 160F.
- Organic Chemistry