THE VALIDITY OF PEER RATINGS FROM OCS IN PREDICTING OFFICER PERFORMANCE: A FOLLOW-UP OF THE 1955 NEWPORT STUDY
WASHINGTON UNIV ST LOUIS MO
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The follow-up phase of a study of peer nominations begun in 1955 at the Naval Officer Candidate School in Newport, Rhode Island is reported. Over 700 trainees, in the 23 sections comprising an entire OCS class, completed several peer nomination forms at various stages of training. One form, in particular, requiring nomination for success as a future Naval Officer, was administered to all sections. From among the trainees in the original study, 639 were identified who had gone on to duty as officers for a period averaging three years or more. Fitness report ratings given to these officers by their seniors were obtained and averaged to yield a score representing the performance criterion. This score had a corrected split-half reliability of .90. The validity of early peer nominations, already established for performance in OCS, was found to be substantial for the prediction of later performance as an officer. Validity is maintained even after statistical control for academic performance and popularity is applied by the partialing process. It is therefore recommended that early peer nominations, assessing overall performance as an officer, be routinely utilized early in training as a supplement to academic and other evaluations.
- Military Forces and Organizations