INTELLIGENCE AND THE ABILITY TO LEARN.
EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON N J
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A methodological advance was made in the early 1950s in the area of motor learning. A number of ability tests were factor analyzed in a battery which included scores made at various stages of practice on a complex pschomotor task. Inspection of the loadings indicated that abilities did contribute to the learning performance, thus establishing a relationship between abilities and learning. The same approach has since been applied to cognitive tasks with the finding that learning and abilities are related, but that there are also learning factors which are independent of the measured abilities. This study is an attempt to clarify these learning factors. It was concluded that a measured abilities are related to measured learning performance, b learning performance depends upon factors which are independent of ability measures, c learning in one task is related to learning in others, and d performance in concept-formation tasks is not related to the ability measures used or to performance in rote-memory tasks. Author