THEORY AND RESEARCH IN PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION.
AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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Programmed instruction may be implemented within a systems approach to education. The system provides for feedback loops which permit modification of training materials on the basis of known effectiveness. Measurement is a crucial consideration in assuring that a given course or method is effective. Theories of learning and programming suggest many ways to proceed. Only applied evaluative experimentation can determine the usefulness of a given approach. Adjunctive, intrinsic and linear programming are discussed. Experiments call into question some current applications of features based upon theory, such as overt responding and reinforcement. It is possible to automate the various approaches to programmed instruction. Author