VACUUM DEGASSING IN THE PRODUCTION OF PREMIUMQUALITY STEELS.
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OHIO DEFENSE METALS INFORMATION CENTER
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This report gives the experiences of several steel producers and consumers with vacuum degassing as a melting practice in the manufacture of high-strength steels for critical applications. The parameters involved in determining the effects of melting practice on mechanical properties are outlined. Pertinent melting processes are described and evaluated qualitatively. In presenting the data, vacuum degassing is compared with other melting practices such as conventional air melting and consumable-electrode vacuum-arc remelting CEVAR. Generally, there is a trend indicating that vacuum degassing is being used in some production applications instead of air-melted or CEVAR material. In terms of higher and more uniform transverse tensile properties and impact strength, longer fatigue life, and improved cleanliness, the CEVAR alloys were the best. Vacuum degassing by any of the various methods resulted in an improvement in properties of air-melted alloys. In some instances it appeared that the quality of CEVAR alloys could be approached when stream degassing or D-H Dortmund-Horder treatment was applied to air melts. Recommendations are given for additional investigations on the effects of melting practice on mechanical properties of premium-quality steels. Author