THE EFFECTS OF EXPERIMENTER ATTITUDES AND FEELINGS ON RESPONSE TO PAINFUL STIMULATION.
Technical rept. no. 21,
VANDERBILT UNIV NASHVILLE TENN
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The hypothesis was that the more positive the experimentors Es attitude and expressed affect toward Ss receiving painful electric shock, the more positive would be their subjective experience and the greater their learning efficiency. Es attitude and expressed affect for three independent groups of 16 Ss each was positive, neutral, and negative, respectively. The principal dependent variables were paired-associates learning, recall, and postexperimental subjective ratings of hostility and anxiety. Significant differences between the positive and negative groups on learning, recall, and hostility were in the predicted direction. The subjective ratings of hostility and the learning and recall measures supported the notion that the positive and negative groups conceptualized and responded to the painful stimulation in a different way. Author