THE EFFECTS OF ROLE-PLAYED EMOTION ON SS' AFFECTIVE REACTIONS, INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING, AND EVALUATIVE RATINGS OF THE ACTRESS.
Technical rept. no. 18,
VANDERBILT UNIV NASHVILLE TENN
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The basic postulate underlying this study is that positive affect facilitates constructive behavior or effective fuctioning while negative affect inhibits or decreases constructive behavior. Previous studies have shown that the experimentors Es positive and negative treatment of S results in differential ratings of E and differential performance on intellectual tasks. The present study was an attempt to extend this line of investigation testing whether the portrayal of positive and negative emotion, not directly expressed toward S, would affect subjective feelings, interpersonal perception, and intellectual functioning. An experienced actress portrayed the part of an enthusiastic person, a warm, friendly person, positive roles, an angry person and a fearful person negative roles. Eight Ss were paired with the actress in each of the four roles. Combining the two positive roles and the two negative roles, significant differences were obtained on ratings of the actress and positiveness of self reported feelings during the experiment. The difference in intellectual functioning approached significance at the conventional level. P was approximately .07 when the three intellectual tasks were considered simultaneously. Author