AN APPROACH TO TRANS-ATTACK FIRE SUPPRESSION IN URBAN AREAS.
IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO ILL
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It was determined that, in an urban area exposed to a nuclear burst, the suppression of the large number of fires which will occur must necessarily include efforts of untrained personnel self-help, and trained civilian brigades in addition to public fire departments. The effectiveness of personnel and the amount of water required to suppress fires on the level of selfhelp and brigades were determined from experiments per formed in the laboratory and in actual structures. Fire department operations were analyzed using data gathered on certain selected actual building fires in the Greater Chicago Metropolitan Area. It was found that public fire departments are presently using much larger quantities of water to control dwelling fires than that required in the experimental studies. In general, rural and small urban fire departments were found to be using considerably less water than large urban area fire departments, due partly to inherent limitations in available equipment and water supplies. Criteria are given for the number of self-help and brigade teams required to suppress a given number of fires initiated by the thermal pulse. Various aspects of fire department operational needs during a nuclear emergency are discussed. Author