TACTUAL PERCEPTION: EXPERIMENTS AND MODELS.
Final rept. 25 Apr 65-25 Apr 66,
STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CA
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Results of five studies on tactual perception, involving airjet stimulators and a computer-controlled facility, are given. In the first study, alphabetic shapes were presented on an 8x6 airjet array that was translated in a small circle. The increased performance with movement suggests a hypothetical model that qualitatively accounts for the display motion effects. The second study involved pairs of alphabetic shapes presented in rapid succession at the same anatomical location. The interaction effects were increased letter reversals for short interstimulus intervals more first-response errors for short-stimulus onset intervals and more second-response errors for long-stimulus intervals a crossover in first- and second-response error rates of 100 to 200 msec after onset of the first stimulus. In the third study, point airjet stimuli were applied simultaneously to the 24 interjoint regions of the fingers. The results suggest a tactile short-term memory with greater capacity than immediate-memory span but with 0.8-sec decay rate. In the fourth study, visual and tactile stimuli giving equal mean simple reaction times were used. With increased response alternatives, mean visual times increased less than mean tactile times but with simultaneous presentation of both stimulus types, mean reaction time was much shorter than with either type alone.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems