A COMPARISON OF WHOLE VERSUS PART METHODS OF MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING.
GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV ALEXANDRIA VA HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OFFICE
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This experiment tested two methods of M1 rifle instruction. One group of Infantry basic trainees was taught by the Army Training Program step-by-step method, another by a Whole Method. In the first period of Whole Method rifle instruction, the trainee saw a demonstration of the entire sequence of movements entering into the complete act of firing use of the sling, firing positions, trigger squeeze, etc.. In each subsequent period, he practiced all these movements, including actual firing. The results show in general that the experimental Whole Method is more effective than the ATP method. On the average 1 the trainees taught by the Whole Method made much higher scores for slow fire they showed a 61 greater improvement over initial slow fire proficiency than did those taught by the ATP method 2 the more intelligent trainees taught by the Whole Method made higher scores for sustained fire and 3 these findings are consistent with further data from a firing test given nearly two months later, indicating that the superiority of the Whole Method lasts over a long period of time. Author
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