INCREASING TEAM PROFICIENCY THROUGH TRAINING: 6. SUPERVISORY FURNISHED REINFORCEMENT IN TEAM TRAINING.
AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA TEAM TRAINING LAB
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As a consequence of the reduced ratio of reinforcement in going from individual to subsequent team training, initial levels of team proficiency are far lower than predicted on the basis of the proficiencies of individual members. To overcome this decrement, experimental teams were provided with both individual and team reinforcement during the initial stages of team training. Results were obtained from 24 laboratory teams at varying levels of proficiency. The combined use of team and individual reinforcement produced team proficiency more rapidly than when team training was given without individual reinforcement. The experimental teams required almost as many trials to achieve the team proficiency criterior under team reinforcement alone after having once achieved it with combined team and individual reinforcement as did the control teams. The main conclusion is that the use of supervisory-finished individual reinforcement on a regular basis during team training is satisfactory only if also provided later in the performance situation. Author