Accession Number:

AD0445002

Title:

EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR CLOSED SHELTERS

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

GENERAL AMERICAN TRANSPORTATION CORP NILES IL MRD DIV

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1964-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

76.0

Abstract:

This report summarizes results of an experimental study of O supply and CO2 control systems suitable for use in closed shelters for protection against fallout andor other weapons effects. The program objectives included 1 determination of performance characteristics and design requirements for passive CO2 absorption techniques, 2 verification of the state-of-the-art design data for dynamic CO2 absorption systems, and 3 evaluation of O commercially available regulators to determine possible design changes to provide apparatus that is more suitable for use in closed shelters. Thirty-six simulated occupancy tests and one human occupancy test were conducted in order to evaluate passive CO2 absorption methods. Two canister tests were conducted to verify the design data for dynamic CO2 absorption methods. Fifteen regulator manufacturers were contracted in the field of survey effort. The program results for a 24-hr. closure period are as follows 1 O supply can be provided at a cost of about 4.70 per person for smaller shelters 100-man or about 4.15 per person in larger shelters 1000-man, and 2 CO2 concentration can be controlled satisfactorily by the use of Baralyme or soda-lime at a slight loss in efficiency in screened panels at a cost of about 4.50 per person.

Subject Categories:

  • Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE