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SPIN-LATTICE INTERACTION EXPERIMENTS ON COLOR CENTERS IN QUARTZ,
MCGILL UNIV MONTREAL (QUEBEC) EATON ELECTRONICS LAB
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The paramagnetism of the color centers in smoky quartz is caused by the electron which is missing from a nonbonding oxygen orbital near an aluminum impurity. The effects produced by externally introduced microwave phonons on the spin-resonance signal from these color centers have been studied in detail as a function of the relative phonon and spin-resonance frequencies, the phonon power, the spectrometer power, the magnetic field angle, and the phonon polarization. As has been noted previously, these interactions do not conform with those observed in other paramagnetic crystals. Effects of an applied electric field on the resonance lines and various further experiments on the color centers in smoky quartz are reported two in particular suggest that the hole, the missing electron, makes thermally excited transitions between two different sites adjacent to a given impurity atom. One of the experiments is a measurement of the cross relaxation which takes place between the various lines of the spectrum, while the other is a measurement of the low-frequency dielectric loss found at liquid helium temperatures. An attempt is made to discuss the spin-phonon results in terms of such transitions for the holes. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE