Accession Number:

AD0432498

Title:

AN INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERCEPTUAL SETS,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1963-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

26.0

Abstract:

The experiment was designed to measure transfer effects in a perceptual-motor task when a the critical stimulus dimension which was irrelevant in the first task became relevant for performance on the second task and b where the same stimulus dimension was relevant for both tasks but responses were interchanged. The experiment was conducted in two sessions separated by 24 hours. On Day 1 subjects learned to make the appropriate one of four responses to each of a series of 16 stimuli in terms of four stimulus cues based on either the form or color properties of the stimuli. On Day 2 subjects of different groups learned critical variants of the original task. The data suggest that a negative transfer is greater when shifting from one dimension of relevance to another than when changing the responses required within the same stimulus dimensions and b only weak evidence that partial reinforcement is responsible for the difficulty in shifting to learning in the new dimensions. These results imply that, in designing a trainer, it would be highly inadvisable to include a stimulus dimension which would be relevant in the operational situation and not have it relevant for performance on the trainer. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE