Accession Number:

AD0421795

Title:

A COMPARISON OF MODES OF PRESENTATION OF PAIREDASSOCIATES ON THE SUBJECT-MATTER TRAINER,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

CINCINNATI UNIV OHIO

Report Date:

1963-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of each of four modes of the SubjectMatter trainer. The modes were a the Quiz Mode, in which the subject was shown sequentially the correct response following the presentation of each stimulus, b the Modified-Quiz Mode, in which the subject was allowed one free choice before being shown the correct response, c the Practice Mode, in which the subject responded freely until he found the correct response, and d the Single-Try Mode, in which the subject was allowed only one response to each stimulus. The Quiz Mode was superior to the other modes, all of which involved active participation and some degree of feedback. Retention after one day was almost perfect for all groups. The amount retained after seven days did not differ significantly among the groups. The results seem to contradict the general principle that active responding with feedback tends to produce more efficient learning. An explanation of the apparent contradiction undoubtedly lies in a the temporal relationships between stimuli and their associated responses and b the mediating processed between stimuli and responses of the type used in this study. Information on these relationships will contribute significantly to both training and educational technology and to more comprehensive theories of human learning. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE