PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF OVERLOADING FALLOUT SHELTERS
DUNLAP AND ASSOCIATES INC SANTA MONICA CA
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This study was carried out to analyze the physiological and psychological factors limiting the survivable loading of fallout shelters, to determine the areas in which further information is most needed, and to suggest experiments for obtaining that information. The report discusses the purpose and scope of the investigation, provides a definition of overloading and discusses its etiology and likelihood of occurrence, and considers the man- shelter-environment interaction in parametric terms. The significance of population characteristics and variability is discussed and a preliminary attempt is made to define the population of interest. The most outstanding environmental variables are listed and briefly considered, after which physiological and psychological variables are examined in considerable detail an approach to predicting the effects of variables in combination is then presented together with a first cut at analyzing two-at-atime variable interaction. Physiological response to probable shelter environments is discussed with particular emphasis given to the effects of excessive heat, carbon dioxide and certain toxic atmospheric contaminants and to the effects of inadequate oxygen, food and water.
- Civil Defense