THE RELATIVE EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT COMBINATIONS OF PROMPTING AND CONFIRMATION FOR LEARNING A BOOLEAN ALGEBRA PROGRAM
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION
Pagination or Media Count:
This study investigated the effects of prompting P and confirmation C, and of three combinations PP, PC, and CC of these in the learning of a Boolean algebra program. It was hypothesized that 1 the PC combination would be superior to the CC combination for acquisition of associations, and to the PP combination for retention of associations 2 the PC and CC combinations would produce higher transfer scroes than the PP combination and 3 the brightest students would be less affected by these combinations of experimental variables than the other students. None of the above hypotheses was confirmed by analysis of the main effects of the experimental treatments. Tests of the simple effects of these treatments revealed evidence contradictory to the first part of the first hypothesis. In the case of the third hypothesis, the acquisition scores of the upper intelligence group were differentially affected by the experimental treatments. Differences were statistically significant, although they were of smaller absolute magnitude than corresponding differences in the other two intelligence groups.