BIOSYNTHESIS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FUELS IN AN OVERSEAS THEATER
RESEARCH ANALYSIS CORP MCLEAN VA
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The feasibility of biosynthesis for the production of fuels for Army use in a theater of operations TO was investigated. Production of fuels in a TO has the potential for alleviating the logistic burden of both intra- and inter theater movements. The technical feasibility of biosynthesis for the production of hydrocarrbon and alcohol fuels has long been established. Hydrocarbons and alcohol are produced indirectly by anaerobic breakdown of organic matter. Liquid methane and ethyl alcohol are fuels of high heating value compared with gasoline and may be attractive for Army use in a TO. This paper considers two schemes for methane production fermentation of organic matter and bioelectrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide. The fermentation schemes discussed require relatively simple and inexpensive apparatus that can be constructed in a short time and requires little maintenance effort.
- Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing