THE INCENTIVE VALUE OF SOCIAL APPROVAL AND BEHAVIOR IN SMALL GROUPS
MIAMI UNIV CORAL GABLES FL
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In order to explore the relationship between approval-seeking motivation and individual patterns of behavior in small groups, a measure of the incentive value of interpersonal approval and disapproval for an individual was correlated with observations of behavior in four-man discussion groups. Interaction Process Analysis was employed in categorizing observed behavior as A positive social-emotional acts, B information giving, C information-seeking, or D negative social-emotional acts. Approval-seeking motivation was found to be unrelated to either category of social-emotional maintenance function behavior, but was correlated negatively with information-giving and positively with information-seeking for females, though not for males. For females, approval-seeking motivation was correlated negatively with an index of tendency to be active and directing, as opposed to passive and submissive, in task-related activity.