SHOCK WINDS, AFTER-WINDS, AND CHANGES IN AIR TEMPERATURE RESULTING FROM LARGE ATOMIC BURSTS NEAR THE EARTH'S SURFACE
SANDIA CORP ALBUQUERQUE NM
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Project 6.3 of Operation Ivy was designed to obtain experimental measurements of some of the characteristic parameters dynamic pressure, temperature, velocity of sound of blast waves from nuclear explosions to the complete histories of such blast waves. Measured peak dynamic pressures q, temperatures, and sonic velocities are compared with those predicted from the Rankine-Hugoniot relations on the basis of measured overpressures and ambient conditions. Within the range of experimental error there is reasonable agreement between these measured peak changes in dynamic pressure peak particle or wind velocity and density and temperature across the shock front and those calculated. Measurements of dynamic pressure and total head throughout the positive and negative phases were quite successful except at overpressure levels greater than 20 psi. Durations of positive and negative phase winds are found to be in agreement with the durations of the corresponding overpressures.