REACTIVITY OF METALS WITH LIQUID AND GASEOUS OXYGEN
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH DEFENSE METALS INFORMATION CENTER
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Of all the metals studied, Ti exhibits the greatest sensitivity to impact when immersed in LOX. In fact, its sensitivity approaches that of many organic materials such as greases and oils. Reactivity is observed in liquid oxygen and mixtures of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen at 20 ft lb until the LOX concentration is reduced to 30. Titanium can be partially protected from reactivity in LOX under impact by certain protective coatings, provided the coatings are not broken. Protection is given by electroless copper and nickel, possibly aluminum, and to a lesser extent by Teflon and a fluoride-phosphate coating. Protection is also obtained by nitriding which adds a protective film to the surface, and by annealing which increases the thickness of the oxide film. Titanium exhibits no great reactivity in LOX when deformed by compression, by exposure of a fresh surface by machining or rupture, or by exposure of bulk titanium to high-pressure or high velocity LOX. In gaseous oxygen, titanium is highly reactive when a freshly formed surface is exposed at even moderate pressure.
- Inorganic Chemistry