BACTERIOLOGICAL, IMMUNOLOGICAL AND VIRAL STUDIES ON RECTAL MUCUS IN ENTERIC INFECTIONS. (SHIGELLOSIS, SALMONELLOSIS, PATHOGENIC COLI INFECTIONS AND VIRAL ENTERIC INFECTIONS)
TOKYO METROPOLITAN EBARA INFECTIOUS DISEASE HOSPITAL (JAPAN)
Pagination or Media Count:
Serological study on the serum and rectal mucus aspirated almost purely from the rectal cavity of patients with Shigellosis and with Salmonellosis using a romanoscope was conducted. The agglutinin titers of the serum and mucus in patients with bacillary dysentery reached peak mostly in the second or third week of illness, but in a few cases within the first week. Judging from the agglutinin and hem-agglutinin values, the mucus antibody turned out to be suggestive of its closer association with the excretion of Shigella bacilli than the serum antibody. Comparative studies of the agglutination test, the hem-agglutination test and the Latex agglutination test showed that the hemagglutinin titer and the Latex agglutinin titer were higher than the agglutinin titer, and the hem-agglutinin titer was almost similar to the Latex agglutinin titer, with exceptions in a few cases. Widal test using the Latex antigen consisting of a mixture of Latex suspension and Widl antigen showed the agglutinin titer to be higher than those in the routine Widal test. The Latex agglutination test offers the advantage of yielding exact, readable results within two hours over both the agglutination test and the hem- agglutination test in which reading can be made only after twenty-four hours.
- Medicine and Medical Research