Accession Number:

AD0271582

Title:

PROPERTIES OF YTTRIUM AND THE RARE EARTH METALS OXYGEN AND ALLOY SYSTEMS. OXYGEN AND ALLOY SYSTEMS

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

RESEARCH CHEMICALS DIV NUCLEAR CORP OF AMERICA BURBANK CALIF

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1961-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

1.0

Abstract:

Studies were made of systems containing Y and the lanthanide elements in efforts to produce alloys with improved mechanical and atmospheric corrosion properties at high temperatures. Alpha Y and Er are miscible. In the Y-Nd system there is partial solubility and an intermediate phase is present. The solubility of O is low in Y, Er, Nd, and Sm. Alpha-beta transformations are essentially unaffected. A high temperature monoxide is proposed. The solubility of Er in Co is low. The first compound is Co17Er2. Ta and Nb form extensive liquid immiscibility regions with rare earths, terminating in a monotectic near the Ta Nb end of the systems a eutectic at the rare earth end. Solubility is very low. Improved atmospheric corrosion resistance was found for some Nb and Co compositions with rare earth additions. The tensile properties of Y were improved by alloying with Er or Zr. Purification of Y and Er, and improved analytic methods are described. Be with Er additions shows grain refinement. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE