Accession Number:

AD0262742

Title:

DECREMENTAL EFFECTS OF REINFORCEMENT IN TEAMS WITH REDUNDANT MEMBERS

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA

Report Date:

1961-09-02

Pagination or Media Count:

1.0

Abstract:

This study was undertaken to support the theory that the addition of an extra member to a team will enhance that teams performance. In the teams studied, however, this effect was maintained only temporarily, and with continued practice, five of the six teams showed a decided performance decrement, falling to a level which was at least 33 below that of either of the original two-man components. This decrement was explained by the reinforcement contingencies present in the situation which permitted a redundant member to be reinforced for inappropriate performance even though the performance of the team was correct. The results of this study indicate that, in spite of a possible increment in initial team output, redundant teams under the conditions investigated were showing an eventual performance decrement. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE